The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Act, 2019, inter-alia, inserted section 115BAB in the Act which provides that new manufacturing domestic companies set up on or after 01.10.2019, which commence manufacturing or production by 31.03.2023 and do not avail of any specified incentive or deductions, may opt to pay tax at a concessional rate of 15 per cent. The time for commencing manufacturing or production has been extended to 31.03.2024 by the Finance Act, 2022. However, the same provision has not been provided for new manufacturing co-operative societies.
2. Representation has been received for providing a level playing field between new manufacturing co-operative societies and new manufacturing companies by providing for the concessional tax regime of 15% to new manufacturing co-operative societies as well.
3. In view of the above, it is proposed to insert a new section 115BAE to the Act in which concessional tax regime is being provided for the new manufacturing cooperative societies as well. The conditions are materially similar to the conditions applicable to new manufacturing companies, which are as under:-
i. notwithstanding anything contained in the Act but subject to the provisions of Chapter XII, other than those mentioned under section 115BAD, the income-tax payable in respect of the total income of an assessee, being a cooperative society resident in India, for any previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2024, shall, at the option of such assessee, be computed at the rate of fifteen per cent, on satisfaction of certain specified conditions;
ii. the condition for concessional rate shall be that the total income of the new manufacturing co-operative society is computed,-
a) without any deduction under the provisions of section 10AA or clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32 or section 33AB or section 33ABA or subclause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or subsection (2AA) of section 35 or section 35AD or section 35CCC or under any of the provisions of Chapter VI-A other than the provisions of section 80JJAA;
b) without set off of any loss carried forward or depreciation from any earlier assessment year, if such loss or depreciation is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in ii(a) above; and
c) by claiming the depreciation, if any, under section 32, other than clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of the said section, determined in such manner as may be prescribed;
iii. the loss and depreciation referred to in (ii)(b) above shall be deemed to have been given full effect to and no further deduction for such loss shall be allowed for any subsequent year.
iv. the concessional rate shall not apply unless the option is exercised by the person in the prescribed manner on or before the due date specified under sub-section (1) of section 139 for furnishing the first of the returns of income for any previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after 1st day of April, 2024 and such option once exercised shall apply to subsequent assessment years;
v. the option so exercised cannot be withdrawn;
vi. if the income of the assessee, includes any income, which has neither been derived from nor is incidental to manufacturing or production of an article or thing and in respect of which no specific rate of tax has been provided separately under this Chapter, such income shall be taxed at the rate of twenty-two per cent and no deduction or allowance in respect of any expenditure or allowance shall be made in computing such income;
vii. where it appears to the Assessing Officer that, owing to the close connection
between the assessee to which this section applies and any other person, or for any other reason, the course of business between them is so arranged that the business transacted between them produces to the assessee more than the ordinary profits which might be expected to arise in such business, the Assessing Officer shall, in computing the profits and gains of such business for the purposes of this section, take the amount of profits as may be reasonably deemed to have been derived therefrom and such income shall be charged at the tax rate of thirty per cent.;
viii. in case the aforesaid arrangement involves a specified domestic transaction
referred to in section 92BA, the amount of profits from such transaction shall be determined having regard to arm's length price as defined in clause
(ii) of section 92F. The amount, being profits in excess of the amount of the profits determined by the Assessing Officer, shall be deemed to be the income of the assessee. The income-tax payable in respect of the income, in such case shall be computed at the rate of thirty per cent;
ix. the income-tax payable in respect of income, being short term capital gains
derived from transfer of a capital asset on which no depreciation is allowable under the Act shall be computed at the rate of twenty-two per cent;
x. where the assessee fails to satisfy the specified conditions under the section
in any previous year, the option shall become invalid in respect of the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years and other provisions of the Act shall apply to the assessee as if the option had not been exercised for the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years.
4. It is further proposed to provide that any machinery or plant which was used outside India by any other person shall not be regarded as machinery or plant previously used for any purpose, on fulfilment of certain specified conditions.
5. It is also proposed that where any machinery or plant or any part thereof previously used for any purpose is put to use by the assessee and the total value of such machinery or plant or part thereof does not exceed twenty per cent of the total value of the machinery or plant used by the assessee, then, the concessional rate shall apply on fulfilment of the specified conditions.
6. It is proposed to provide that the assessee shall not be engaged in any business other than the business of manufacture or production of any article or thing and research in relation to, or distribution of, such article or thing manufactured or produced by it.
7. Further, it is proposed that the business of manufacture or production of any article or thing shall include the business of generation of electricity, but not include certain specified businesses.
8. Further, it is proposed to insert a new clause (vb) in the section 92BA of the Act to include the transaction between the Cooperative society and the other person with close connection within the purview of ‘specified domestic transaction’.
9. These amendments are proposed to take effect from the 1st day of April, 2024 and shall accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2024-25 and subsequent assessment years.